Assessment of Life Satisfaction among Physiotherapists from Selected Hospitals in South-Western Nigeria
Background: Life satisfaction of an individual is strongly associated with factors such as income, educational status, family and occupation. There is a dearth of studies on job and life satisfaction for physiotherapists, especially in Nigeria.
Objective: This study assessed life satisfaction for physiotherapists from selected hospitals in South-Western Nigeria.
Methods: Seventy-six physiotherapists from seven purposively selected hospitals who met the inclusion criteria responded to the study. The Life Satisfaction Scale Questionnaire (LSSQ) was used as the research instrument. The LSSQ is a two-section questionnaire. Section A comprises 6 items designed to assess demographic information of the respondents while section B consists of 29 items, designed to measure the life satisfaction of the respondents. The questions on perceived level of satisfaction in different domains are on a 7-point scale ranging from 7 (strongly agree) to 1 (strongly disagree) for each question. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.
Results: The response rate of the study was 80%. The mean total life satisfaction of the respondents was 151 – 180. There was a significant difference in total life satisfaction scores at p < 0.001 between the single and married respondents, first degree and postgraduates and between entry physiotherapist and senior physiotherapist. There was a significant association between level of life satisfaction and level of education, at p < .05. There also was a significant association, p < 001, between the level of life satisfaction and age, marital status and cadre.
Conclusion: Life satisfaction of clinical physiotherapists in South-Western Nigeria was high and is associated with marital status, postgraduate qualification and in a higher professional cadre. This implies that physiotherapists in South-Western Nigeria are in a condition that promotes high productivity and efficiency and therefore physiotherapists are more likely to not migrate out of the country.
• Agbo, A.A., Nzeadibe, T.C., and Ajaero, C.K. 2012. Happiness in Nigeria: A socio-cultural analysis. In H. Selin and G. Davey, eds., Happiness across cultures: Views of happiness and quality of life in non-Western cultures. New York: Springer, pp. 293-310
• Alao, O. 2008. The relationship between teacher’s effectiveness and life satisfaction. PhD Obafemi Awolowo University.
• Allen, T.D., Herst, D.E.L., Bruck, C.S., and Suttton, M. 2000. Consequences associated with work-family conflict: A review and agenda for future research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(2), pp. 278-308.
• Beutell, N. 2006. Life satisfaction: a Sloan network encyclopedia entry. Journal of Sloan Work and Family, 2(3), pp. 1125-1127.
• Budh, C.N. and Osteraker, A. 2007. Life satisfaction in individuals with a spinal cord injury and pain. Clinical Rehabilitation, 1, pp. 89.
• Burdi, M.D, and Baker, L.C. 1999. Physicians' perceptions of autonomy and satisfaction in California. Health Affairs, 18: pp. 134-145.
• Campo, M.A, Weiser, S. and Koenig, K.L. 2009. Job strain in physical therapists. Physical Therapy, 89, pp. 946-956.
• Carmel, S. 1997. The professional self-esteem of physicians scale, structure, properties, and the relationship to work outcomes and life satisfaction. Psychological Reports, 80, pp. 591-602.
• CONHESS. 2009. Consolidated Health Salary Scale. A circular from the Presidency, National Salary, Incomes and Wages Commission. Office of the Executives Chairman, Wing B, 3rd Floor, Federal Secretariat Complex, Shehu Shagari Way, Abuja.
• Department of Citizenship, 2007; Immigration Canada. Immigrating to Canada as a skilled worker Available through: <http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/apply-who.asp>. [Accessed 04 June, 2013].
• Diener, E. and Biswas-Diener, R. 2002. Will money increase subjective well-being? Social Indicators Research, 57, pp. 119–169.
• Diener, E., Diener, M., and Diener, C. 1995. Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, pp. 851–864.
• Diener, E., Suh, E.M., Lucas, R.E., and Smith, H.L. 1999. Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, pp. 276-302.
• Doğan, A., Deniz, M. E., Odabaş, H., Özyeşil, Z. & Özgirgin, N. 2012. Job and life satisfaction of the medical staff in rehabilitation centers. Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 58, pp. 16-21.
• Evans, M.D.R. and Kelley, J., 2004. Effect of family structure on life satisfaction: Australian evidence? Social Indicators Research, 69, pp. 303-349.
• Freeborn, D.K. 2001. Satisfaction, commitment and physiological well-being among HMO physicians. West African Journal of Medicine, 174, pp. 13-18.
• Fujita, F., Diener, E., and Sandvik, E. 1995. Gender difference in negative affect and well-being: the case for emotional intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, pp. 427-434.
• Glass, C. 1999. Spinal cord injury: Impact and coping. BPS books, pp. 68-70.
• Hadaway, C.K. 1978. Life satisfaction and religion: A reanalysis. Social Forces, 57 (2), pp. 636-643.
• Jan, M. and Masood, T. 2008. Studies on home communication and science. Kamla-Raj: 2(1), pp. 33-42.
• Kapleyn, A., Smith, J.P., and van Soest A. 2009. Institute for the study of labour. Discussion Paper Series no. 4015.
• Karney, B.R. and Bradbury, T.N. 1995. The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability. A review of theory, method and research. Psychological Bulletin, 118, pp. 3-34.
• Kushnir T., Cohen A.H., and Kitai, E. 2000. Continuing medical education and primary physicians’ job stress, burnout and dissatisfaction. Medical Education, 34, pp. 430-436.
• Newstrom J.W. and Davis, K. 1993. Organizational behavior. Human behavior at work. 9th ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.
• Onigbinde, A.T. 1996. Satisfaction of interns and the impact of internship programme on the physiotherapy practice in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Medical Rehabilitation, 2 (2), pp. 25-29.
• Oyeyemi, A.Y. 2001. Job satisfaction traits of Nigerian physical therapists. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 17(4), pp. 257–268.
• Oyeyemi, A.Y., Oyeyemi, A.L., Maduagwu, S.M., Rufai, A.A., and Aliyu, S.U. 2012. Professional satisfaction and desire to emigrate among Nigerian physiotherapists. Physiotherapy Canada, 64(3), pp. 225–232.
• Ozer, M. and Karabulut, O.O. 2003. Satisfaction of life in elderly individuals. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics, 6, pp. 72-74.
• Ozyurt, A., Hayran, O., and Sur, H. 2006. Predictors of burnout and satisfaction among Turkish physicians. QJM;99:pp. 161-169.
• Post, M.W., van Leeuwen, C.M., van Koppenhagen, C.F., and de Groot, S. 2012. Validity of the Life Satisfaction questions, the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire, and the Satisfaction With Life Scale in persons with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(10), pp. 1832-1837.
• Roth, S.F., Heo, G., Varnhagen, C., Glover K.E., and Major P.W. 2003. Job satisfaction among Canadian orthodontists. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 123(6), pp. 695-700.
• Sousa L. and Lyubomirsky, S. 2001. Sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender. Encyclopedia of Women and Gender. Vol. 2, San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 667-676.
• US Department of State. 2007. Bureau of Consular Affairs. Diversity visa lottery instruction [Internet] [cited Nov24]. Available through: <http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/types/types_1318.html>. [Accessed 05 June, 2013].
• Van Ham, I., Verhoeven, A.A., Groenier, K.H., Groothoff, J.W., and De Haan, J. 2006. Job satisfaction among general practitioners: a systematic literature review. European Journal General Practice, 12, pp. 174-180.
• Vecchio, G.M., Gerbino, M., Pastorelli, C., Del Bove, G., and Caprara, G.V. 2007. Multi-faceted self-efficacy beliefs as predictors of life satisfaction in late adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, pp. 1807–1818.
• Zangaro, G.A and Soeken, K.L., 2007. A meta-analysis of studies of nurses' job satisfaction. Research in Nursing & Health, 30, pp. 445-458.