Relationship Between the Physical Activities Level, Functional Status and Quality of Life of Geriatric Individuals
AbstractBackground: Physical performance depends largely on the musculoskeletal system because adequate muscle and bone strength are necessary requirements for full functioning in the activities of daily living. Physical inactivity adversely affect muscle function and bone strength and resultant physical performance including the overall quality of life of geriatric individuals.
Objective: This study was designed to establish the relationship between the level of intensity of physical activity, basic activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and quality of life of geriatric individuals.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study involving 394 geriatric individuals with no cognitive impairment. A self administered standardized questionnaire which assessed the socio-demographic parameters, level of intensity of physical activity, basic activities of daily living, instrumental activities daily of living and quality of life of the geriatric individuals was used. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analyses.
Results: Statistical analysis of the relationship between the level of intensity of physical activity, quality of life, basic and instrumental activities of daily living were found to be significant, P <0.05.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated that an increase in physical activity/exercise level is associated and is a prerequisite for optimal functioning of the musculoskeletal system which is demonstrated in the performance of basic and instrumental activities of daily living.
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